Difference between revisions of "Glossary"

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This glossary holds definitions important for the GIMP development. These include functional definitions i.e. from computer graphics and color theory, photography, terms from BABL and GEGL etc.
 
This glossary holds definitions important for the GIMP development. These include functional definitions i.e. from computer graphics and color theory, photography, terms from BABL and GEGL etc.
 
  
 
==Table of Contents==
 
==Table of Contents==
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__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
 
==A==
 
==A==
*'''A (uppercase)''' -  
+
*'''{{term|A (uppercase)}}''' -  
 
*:*The alpha channel in a color model, for instance in RGBA.
 
*:*The alpha channel in a color model, for instance in RGBA.
 
*:*In babl the alpha value in a color model. If combined with alpha-premultiplied color channels: the alpha value each color channel R, G, B was multiplied with to achieve Ra, Ga, Ba. Needed to get from RaGaBa back to RGB. The same applies to R'aG'aB'aA, YaA, Y'aA.
 
*:*In babl the alpha value in a color model. If combined with alpha-premultiplied color channels: the alpha value each color channel R, G, B was multiplied with to achieve Ra, Ga, Ba. Needed to get from RaGaBa back to RGB. The same applies to R'aG'aB'aA, YaA, Y'aA.
*'''a (lowercase)''' -  
+
*'''{{term|a (lowercase)}}''' -  
 
*:*The axis in the CIELAB color space which denotes the magenta-green component of the image. One end of the axis is green and the other end magenta.  
 
*:*The axis in the CIELAB color space which denotes the magenta-green component of the image. One end of the axis is green and the other end magenta.  
*:*In babl: marks a color channel to be premultiplied with alpha, for instance RaGaBa is premultiplied alpha RGB
+
*:*In [[#babl|babl]]: marks a color channel to be premultiplied with alpha, for instance RaGaBa is premultiplied alpha RGB
*'''Alpha''' - opacity. An alpha value of 0 means 'transparent', an alpha value of 100 means 'fully opaque', values in between mean 'partly opaque'.
+
*'''{{term|Alpha}}''' - opacity. An alpha value of 0 means 'transparent', an alpha value of 100 means 'fully opaque', values in between mean 'partly opaque'.
 
{{right|[[#Table of Contents|Table of Contents]]}}
 
{{right|[[#Table of Contents|Table of Contents]]}}
  
 
==B==
 
==B==
*'''B (uppercase)''' -
+
*'''{{term|B (uppercase)}}''' -
 
*:*Blue color channel in the XYZ and RGB color models.
 
*:*Blue color channel in the XYZ and RGB color models.
 
*:*Brightness component of the HSB color model.
 
*:*Brightness component of the HSB color model.
 
*:*In photography: symbol for luminance (e.g. brightness): obsolete, but may be found on older light meters. [[#2|[2]]]
 
*:*In photography: symbol for luminance (e.g. brightness): obsolete, but may be found on older light meters. [[#2|[2]]]
 
*:*Bulb (in photography): Used for long exposures timed by the photographer. Setting for shutter at which shutter opens when shutter button is pressed and stays open as long as shutter button is kept down. [[#2|[2]]]
 
*:*Bulb (in photography): Used for long exposures timed by the photographer. Setting for shutter at which shutter opens when shutter button is pressed and stays open as long as shutter button is kept down. [[#2|[2]]]
*'''b (lowercase)''' - the axis in the CIELAB color space which denotes the blue-yellow component of the image. One end of the axis is blue and the other end yellow. [[#1|[1]]]
+
*'''{{term|b (lowercase)}}''' - the axis in the CIELAB color space which denotes the blue-yellow component of the image. One end of the axis is blue and the other end yellow. [[#1|[1]]]
*'''babl''' - a dynamic, any to any, pixel format translation library. ([http://www.gegl.org/babl Website])
+
*'''{{term|babl}}''' - a dynamic, any to any, pixel format translation library. ([http://www.gegl.org/babl Website])
*'''brightness''' - attribute of a visual perception according to which an area or color appears to emit, or reflect, more or less light. This correlates directly with the amplitude of the light waveform. [[#1|[1]]] [[#4|[4]]] [[Translation glossary]]
+
*'''{{term|brightness}}''' - attribute of a visual perception according to which an area or color appears to emit, or reflect, more or less light. This correlates directly with the amplitude of the light waveform. [[#1|[1]]] [[#4|[4]]] [[Translation glossary]]
 
{{right|[[#Table of Contents|Table of Contents]]}}
 
{{right|[[#Table of Contents|Table of Contents]]}}
  
 
==C==
 
==C==
*'''C (uppercase)''' -
+
*'''{{term|C (uppercase)}}''' -
 
*:*Cyan color component of the CMY and CMYK color model.
 
*:*Cyan color component of the CMY and CMYK color model.
 
*:*Chroma component of the LCH color space.
 
*:*Chroma component of the LCH color space.
*'''CIE''' - Commission Internationale de l´Eclairage (International Commission on Illumination). Independent, non-profit organization for recommendations on photometry and colorimetry. Its aim is to exchange information on all matters relating to the science and art of light and lighting, colour and vision, photobiology and image technology worldwide. It is recognized by ISO as an international standardization body. The CIE has defined several "color spaces" that describe the range of visible colors in unambiguous numerical terms. [[#1|[1]]] [[#4|[4]]]
+
*'''{{term|CIE}}''' - Commission Internationale de l´Eclairage (International Commission on Illumination). Independent, non-profit organization for recommendations on photometry and colorimetry. Its aim is to exchange information on all matters relating to the science and art of light and lighting, colour and vision, photobiology and image technology worldwide. It is recognized by ISO as an international standardization body. The CIE has defined several "color spaces" that describe the range of visible colors in unambiguous numerical terms. [[#1|[1]]] [[#4|[4]]]
*'''CMY''' - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow. The three "subtractive" primary colors used as the basis of all dye or pigment-based printing systems and color photography. A full range of colors including neutral grays and blacks can be produced with good CMY colorants (e.g. color film dyes) but typical printing inks are less than perfect. [[#1|[1]]]
+
*'''{{term|CMY}}''' - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow. The three "subtractive" primary colors used as the basis of all dye or pigment-based printing systems and color photography. A full range of colors including neutral grays and blacks can be produced with good CMY colorants (e.g. color film dyes) but typical printing inks are less than perfect. [[#1|[1]]]
*'''CMYK''' - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key color (usually Black). The four colors commonly used in process color printing. Black is added to CMY to enhance the density of dark areas and solve gray balance problems encountered when trying to make neutral grays with CMY alone. [[#1|[1]]]
+
*'''{{term|CMYK}}''' - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key color (usually Black). The four colors commonly used in process color printing. Black is added to CMY to enhance the density of dark areas and solve gray balance problems encountered when trying to make neutral grays with CMY alone. [[#1|[1]]]
*'''color temperature''' - temperature of an ideal black body radiator whose radiation has the same chromaticity as that of a given stimulus. Unit: K (Kelvin). [[#4|[4]]]
+
*'''{{term|color temperature}}''' - temperature of an ideal black body radiator whose radiation has the same chromaticity as that of a given stimulus. Unit: K (Kelvin). [[#4|[4]]]
*'''chroma''' - colorfulness of an area judged as a proportion of the brightness of a similarly illuminated area that appears white or highly transmitting. The higher the chroma, the more saturated this area appears. [[#1|[1]]] [[#4|[4]]]
+
*'''{{term|chroma}}''' - colorfulness of an area judged as a proportion of the brightness of a similarly illuminated area that appears white or highly transmitting. The higher the chroma, the more saturated this area appears. [[#1|[1]]] [[#4|[4]]]
*'''chromaticity''' - The color properties of a sample judged independently of luminance, i.e. in terms of hue and saturation only. [[#1|[1]]]
+
*'''{{term|chromaticity}}''' - The color properties of a sample judged independently of luminance, i.e. in terms of hue and saturation only. [[#1|[1]]]
 
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==G==
 
==G==
*'''GSoC''' - Google Summer of Code. Annual mentoring program hosted by Google Inc. to offer and award students to work on open source projects during summer. GIMP has been participating for many years. [https://developers.google.com/open-source/soc/ Website]  
+
*'''{{term|GSoC}}''' - Google Summer of Code. Annual mentoring program hosted by Google Inc. to offer and award students to work on open source projects during summer. GIMP has been participating for many years. [https://developers.google.com/open-source/soc/ Website]  
 
{{right|[[#Table of Contents|Table of Contents]]}}
 
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==K==
 
==K==
*'''K (uppercase)''' -  
+
*'''{{term|K (uppercase)}}''' -  
 
*:*Kelvin. Unit of color temperature.
 
*:*Kelvin. Unit of color temperature.
 
*:*Key-color component of the CMYK color model to represent various shades of brightness. Usually black.
 
*:*Key-color component of the CMYK color model to represent various shades of brightness. Usually black.
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==L==
 
==L==
*'''LGM''' - Libre Graphics Meeting. Annual conference of developers and users of graphics open source software. GIMP has been participating for many years. [http://libregraphicsmeeting.org Website]
+
*'''{{term|LGM}}''' - Libre Graphics Meeting. Annual conference of developers and users of graphics open source software. GIMP has been participating for many years. [http://libregraphicsmeeting.org Website]
 
{{right|[[#Table of Contents|Table of Contents]]}}
 
{{right|[[#Table of Contents|Table of Contents]]}}
  
 
==M==
 
==M==
*'''M (uppercase)''' - Magenta color component of the CMY and CMYK color models.
+
*'''{{term|M (uppercase)}}''' - Magenta color component of the CMY and CMYK color models.
*'''Mired''' - former, obsolete unit of reciprocal color temperature.  
+
*'''{{term|Mired}}''' - former, obsolete unit of reciprocal color temperature.  
 
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==Y==
 
==Y==
*'''Y (uppercase)''' -  
+
*'''{{term|Y (uppercase)}}''' -  
 
*:*Yellow color component of the CMY and CMYK color models.
 
*:*Yellow color component of the CMY and CMYK color models.
 
*:*In babl: grayscale color model.
 
*:*In babl: grayscale color model.

Revision as of 18:26, 4 January 2014

This glossary holds definitions important for the GIMP development. These include functional definitions i.e. from computer graphics and color theory, photography, terms from BABL and GEGL etc.

Table of Contents

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

References

A

  • 'A (uppercase)' -
    • The alpha channel in a color model, for instance in RGBA.
    • In babl the alpha value in a color model. If combined with alpha-premultiplied color channels: the alpha value each color channel R, G, B was multiplied with to achieve Ra, Ga, Ba. Needed to get from RaGaBa back to RGB. The same applies to R'aG'aB'aA, YaA, Y'aA.
  • 'a (lowercase)' -
    • The axis in the CIELAB color space which denotes the magenta-green component of the image. One end of the axis is green and the other end magenta.
    • In babl: marks a color channel to be premultiplied with alpha, for instance RaGaBa is premultiplied alpha RGB
  • 'Alpha' - opacity. An alpha value of 0 means 'transparent', an alpha value of 100 means 'fully opaque', values in between mean 'partly opaque'.

B

  • 'B (uppercase)' -
    • Blue color channel in the XYZ and RGB color models.
    • Brightness component of the HSB color model.
    • In photography: symbol for luminance (e.g. brightness): obsolete, but may be found on older light meters. [2]
    • Bulb (in photography): Used for long exposures timed by the photographer. Setting for shutter at which shutter opens when shutter button is pressed and stays open as long as shutter button is kept down. [2]
  • 'b (lowercase)' - the axis in the CIELAB color space which denotes the blue-yellow component of the image. One end of the axis is blue and the other end yellow. [1]
  • 'babl' - a dynamic, any to any, pixel format translation library. (Website)
  • 'brightness' - attribute of a visual perception according to which an area or color appears to emit, or reflect, more or less light. This correlates directly with the amplitude of the light waveform. [1] [4] Translation glossary

C

  • 'C (uppercase)' -
    • Cyan color component of the CMY and CMYK color model.
    • Chroma component of the LCH color space.
  • 'CIE' - Commission Internationale de l´Eclairage (International Commission on Illumination). Independent, non-profit organization for recommendations on photometry and colorimetry. Its aim is to exchange information on all matters relating to the science and art of light and lighting, colour and vision, photobiology and image technology worldwide. It is recognized by ISO as an international standardization body. The CIE has defined several "color spaces" that describe the range of visible colors in unambiguous numerical terms. [1] [4]
  • 'CMY' - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow. The three "subtractive" primary colors used as the basis of all dye or pigment-based printing systems and color photography. A full range of colors including neutral grays and blacks can be produced with good CMY colorants (e.g. color film dyes) but typical printing inks are less than perfect. [1]
  • 'CMYK' - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key color (usually Black). The four colors commonly used in process color printing. Black is added to CMY to enhance the density of dark areas and solve gray balance problems encountered when trying to make neutral grays with CMY alone. [1]
  • 'color temperature' - temperature of an ideal black body radiator whose radiation has the same chromaticity as that of a given stimulus. Unit: K (Kelvin). [4]
  • 'chroma' - colorfulness of an area judged as a proportion of the brightness of a similarly illuminated area that appears white or highly transmitting. The higher the chroma, the more saturated this area appears. [1] [4]
  • 'chromaticity' - The color properties of a sample judged independently of luminance, i.e. in terms of hue and saturation only. [1]

D

E

F

G

  • 'GSoC' - Google Summer of Code. Annual mentoring program hosted by Google Inc. to offer and award students to work on open source projects during summer. GIMP has been participating for many years. Website

H

I

J

K

  • 'K (uppercase)' -
    • Kelvin. Unit of color temperature.
    • Key-color component of the CMYK color model to represent various shades of brightness. Usually black.

L

  • 'LGM' - Libre Graphics Meeting. Annual conference of developers and users of graphics open source software. GIMP has been participating for many years. Website

M

  • 'M (uppercase)' - Magenta color component of the CMY and CMYK color models.
  • 'Mired' - former, obsolete unit of reciprocal color temperature.

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

  • 'Y (uppercase)' -
    • Yellow color component of the CMY and CMYK color models.
    • In babl: grayscale color model.
    • relative luminance in XYZ color model.
    • luminance in xyY color model.

Z

References

1

CHROMiX ColorWiki

2

idigitalphoto dictionary

3

Wikipedia:HSL and HSV

4

CIE International Lighting Vocabulary